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Simple WorkBench Dual Power Supply - del20033


Basic Electronics Workbench needs the Regulated Power Supply, DMM and Continuity Tester. They could be Variable, Dual Tracking or Fixed Supplies like +5V or +/- 12V Dual Supplies. The most common being 0-30V CV CC Power Supply.

Earthing Practice by Trevor Charlton

I will just explain part of this circuit.  D9 and D10 provide a  low cost -1.4 from -5 V.  This is needed to reach near 0.00 for LM317 Min. setting.  An LED also  can be used with proper bias.  Note that there is a  Temperature Coefficient in ppm, see The Unusual Diode FAQ. but it may not matter upto 8 bits accuracy.

TIP2955, TIP3055 (NPN), TIP2955 (PNP) Complementary Silicon Power Transistors. It is a Darlington, that means good current gain.  See Darlington transistor - Wikipedia.  When current in R1 10E goes more than 50mA a voltage of 50mA X 10E = 500mV is applied across Emmiter-Base junction. So lower than 500mV no bias the tap is turned off, 500mV-700mV the tap starts turning on depending on type of transistor. The transistor is like a water Tap. So TIP2955 carries the major current burden thru the load allowing LM317 to do the decision making when to  turn-on or off. It is analog control, it is not On-Off but linear-proportional. The LM317 is very cool as the burden is passed off to TIP2955 who will need a heatsink to keep going and deliver the power you want.

Simple WorkBench Dual
                        Power Supply
PNG-Schematic     PDF-Circuit
Simple WorkBench Dual Power Supply - del20033
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Put the filter caps appropriately. The Hum-Noise will be filtered. The cap after the regulator should be a small guy. The main filter cap after the Bridge can be as big as your cabinet or budget.

Voltage Regulators LM7812 and LM317

If you build it and wire it without designing a PCB, then make all wiring and connection very sound. The test of this ability you can know easily, If your project stops working after the last screw of the cabinet is tightened, then we need to improve.  The Source files of this circuit as an Orcad-9  Design is here 20033.zip.

By using additional chokes and filters you could make it a very low Ripple Power Supply. We have Excellent Isolation and Safety in this design in comparison to SMPS, as it is a Low Frequency Supply. Using a Torroid Transformer will increase safety and EMI immunity which is needed for medical electronics.

Ensure that the Mains Voltage is safely wired and shrink sleeved. Use a proper earthing connection at home and office. Build the entire project in a Powder Coated Steel Enclosure for Good Shielding. Earth the cabinet too.